The change in consumer behavior has led to an increase in the consumption of nuts in the world. In 2018 Romania became the leading producer of nuts in Europe. In a constantly evolving market, Romania has succeeded in securing its leadership in the sector thanks to more than 500 land for cultivation and a production of 45 million units, increased by 40% compared to 2015.
PRODUCTION OF WALNUTS FROM 2010 TO 2018
Walnuts represent the 95% of global dried fruit exports and 50% of Romanian ones. After the nuts, dried fruit exports concern hazelnuts and almonds. The main suppliers are Ukraine, Hungary and Italy.
DRIED FRUIT TRADE
In the last 7 years the dried fruit market has become increasingly important. Imports have increased significantly. In 2011 they were 5.2 tons, while in 2018 they reached 10,000 tons.
Almond plants are grown on large areas, with a Mediterranean climate in the southern and western regions of the country. Consumer demand is offset by imports.
The world production of nuts in shell, according to the International Nut and Dried Fruit Council Foundation, amounted to about 4.8 million tons in 2018, growing by 11% compared to the 2016/2017 period. The products that record the greatest increases are almonds (1.18 million tons, 28%), followed by walnuts (854 thousand tons, equal to about 20%), pistachios (762 thousand tons, about 18%), cashew nuts (almost 755 thousand tons, about 18%) and hazelnuts (397 thousand tons, about 9% of the total).
The first three products concerning dried and dried fruit, imported in Italy, according to data Inc, are hazelnuts, almonds and raisins. Hazelnuts had a negative trend in imports from 2005 to 2010, going from 68 thousand to around 40 thousand, while from 2010 to 2015 they started growing again, reaching around 57 thousand tons. Situation similar to that of almonds with a rise since 2015. Instead, the supply of raisins is stable.
PRODUCTS THAT CONSUMERS WOULD BUY ONLINE
The Agroter fruit and vegetable monitor asked a thousand Italian consumers which fruit and vegetable product they would buy on the web in the future. At the top of the ranking, with over 50% of the votes, we find dried and dried fruit, and specifically walnuts (56%). The products that still raise doubts are melons (26%), tomatoes (26%) and strawberries (only 20% of respondents would buy them online).